Charles Drew

Portrait of Dr. Charles Drew (1904 - 1950), Washington DC, 1946. Drew was a professor and Head of Surgery at Howard University, Chief of Surgery at Freedman's Hospital, and an authority on preservation of human blood for transfusion. (Photo by Alfred Eise

Charles Drew was an African-American surgeon who pioneered methods of storing blood plasma for transfusion and organized the first large-scale blood bank in the U.S. Charles Richard Drew was born on June 3, 1904, in Washington, D.C. He was an African-American physician who developed ways to process and store blood plasma in "blood banks." He directed the blood plasma programs of the United States and Great Britain in World War II, but resigned after a ruling that the blood of African-Americans would be segregated. He died on April 1, 1950.


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